This report provides a realistic look at cybersecurity and foreign policy, one informed by analytical candor and practical recommendations. To confront the realities of the modern internet and adapt to today's cyber realm, the Task Force recommends an approach resting on three pillars. The rst calls for the United States to bring together a coalition of allies and partners around a vision of the internet that preserves a trusted, protected international communication platform. The second pillar calls for the United States to employ more targeted diplomatic and economic pressure on adversaries that choose to attack critical infrastructure. Finally, as is a trend across almost all walks of U.S. policy these days, the United States should put its own proverbial house in order, blending digital competition policy with national security strategy. The Task Force concludes that the United States cannot a ord to wait to reconsider its cyber policy and must instead act urgently to confront the new realities of cyberspace and develop strategies to ameliorate the pressing threat that exists.